Plantago eriopoda Torr.
alkali plantain (redwool plantain; saline plantain)
Plantaginaceae (Mare's-tail family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Jamie Fenneman     (Photo ID #3443)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Plantago eriopoda
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial herb from woolly-hairy, woody stem-base and taproot; stems erect, numerous, simple, smooth except above, 10-55 cm tall.
Basal leaves elliptic to oblong, 5-25 cm long, 0.6-4 cm wide, 3- to 5-veined, entire, stalked; stem leaves lacking.
Inflorescence of dense to loose bracteate spikes, the spikes elongate, 5-20 cm long; corollas brown, 4-lobed, the lobes 1-1.5 mm long, spreading or reflexed; bracts egg-shaped to elliptic, appressed to the sepals; stamens inconspicuous.
Capsules, egg-shaped, 3-4 mm long; seeds 2-4, ellipsoid, brown to black, 2-2.5 mm long, smooth to pitted.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Plantago eriopoda

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
932 695 1170
Slope Gradient (%)
0 0 0

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

360 360 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 3 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in


Habitat and Range

Wet to moist alkaline meadows and salt marshes in the montane zone; rare in NW and SE BC; N to YT and NT, E to PQ and S to NB, CO, CA and MX.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Plantago shastensis Greene

Taxonomic Notes

"The family Plantaginaceae includes three genera and an estimated 250-275 species from diverse habitats throughout the world (Pilger 1937). In Canada, the family is represented by two genera containing seven introduced species and ten native species (Bassett 1973).


Bassett, I. John. 1973. The Plantains of Canada. Monograph No. 7. Canada Department of Agriculture.