Perennial herb from spindle-shaped stem-bases, with a few fibrous roots; stems 15-100 cm tall, leafy.
Basal and stem leaves oblong to linear or lanceolate, 10-30 cm long.
Inflorescence a terminal, 5- to 30-flowered spike, the flowers white, very fragrant, unstalked; sepals 3-9 mm long, broadly lanceolate, 3(4)-veined, the upper sepal egg-shaped, erect, converging with the petals and forming a hood; petals 1- to 2-veined, slightly shorter and wider than sepals; lip linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 5-10 mm long, strongly round-dilated at base; spur 5-10 mm long, slenderly cylindric to slightly club-shaped, slightly curved; column about 2 mm long.
Capsules, ascending to erect.
Three varieties occur in BC:
1. Spurs up to two-thirds the length of lips.................... var. albiflora (Cham.) Ledeb.
1. Spurs equaling the lips or slightly longer.
2. Spurs 1.5-2 times longer than lips, very slender, strongly curved..................... var. leucostachys (Lindl.) Luer
2. Spurs about the length of the lips, not very slender, not strongly curved....................... var. dilatata
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(2), BAFA(1), CWH(1), ESSF(5), ICH(4), MH(1), MS(1), SBS(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
|Scientific Name||Origin Status||Provincial Status||BC List|
(Red Blue List)
|Platanthera dilatata var. albiflora||Native||S5||Yellow||Not Listed|
|Platanthera dilatata var. dilatata||Native||S5||Yellow||Not Listed|
|Platanthera dilatata var. leucostachys||Native||S5||Yellow||Not Listed|
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Habenaria dilatata (Pursh) Hook.
Limnorchis dilatata (Pursh) Rydb.
Platanthera dilatata var. angustifolia Hook.