Short perennial herb from a stout taproot and branched stem-base, glandular-hairy or stalked-glandular throughout, strongly skunky-smelling, 5-15 cm tall.
Alternate, mostly basal, short-stalked with expanded, persistent, papery bases, pinnately compound; leaflets 13 to 27, opposite or offset, crowded, 2.5-6 mm long, 1-3.5 mm wide, entire.
Inflorescence a dense, terminal head-like cluster of short-stalked flowers; calyces 5.5-8.5 mm long with 5 pointed lobes; corollas blue, rarely white, funnel-shaped, 12-15 mm long, the 5 flaring lobes shorter than the tube; stamens exserted.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(3), ESSF(2), MS(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013