Evergreen perennial arising from a short, stout rhizome.
Lanceolate, 20-150 cm long, 5-25 cm wide, 1-pinnate; pinnae oblong, all of them more or less in one plane, with spreading teeth.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|CDF(315), CWH(2153), ESSF(4), ICH(12), IDF(24), MH(18), MS(5)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Polystichum munitum var. incisoserratum (D.C. Eaton) Underw.