Pyracantha coccinea M. Roem.
scarlet firethorn
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Gerry & Wendy Ansell     (Photo ID #70901)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Pyracantha coccinea
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Species Information

Medium to tall shrub, 1.5-6 m tall; stems much-branched, with leafy thorns, the young growth grey-hairy.
Alternate, evergreen, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 2-5 cm long, finely blunt-toothed, smooth or sometimes sparsely hairy beneath when young.
Inflorescence a small cluster, at the end of a lateral branchlet, of several to many, hairy-stalked flowers; corollas white, saucer-shaped, 7-8 mm across, the petals 5; calyces 5-lobed; ovaries inferior.
Berry-like pomes (like miniature apples), nearly globe-shaped, bright orange-red, 5-6 mm wide; stones (nutlets) 5.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Late Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Orange
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA

Habitat and Range

Mesic to moist waste places, fields and forest edges in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC (Vancouver Island); introduced from Europe.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Cotoneaster pyracantha (L.) Spach