Annual or biennial herb from a fleshy, elongated taproot; stems 0.3-1.2 m tall, simple or branched, sparsely stiff-hairy.
Basal leaves pinnately lobed, 3-20 cm long, 1-8 cm wide, stalked, often round-toothed, terminal segment larger, orbicular; stem leaves reduced upwards.
Inflorescence of spreading to ascending stalks, 8-27 mm long; petals pink, pink-purple to white or yellow with darker venation, 13-20 mm long; sepals 7-11 mm long, glabrous.
Siliques, 2-6 cm long, 5-10 mm wide, continuous or sometimes slightly moniliform, lightly several-grooved, usually not breaking transversely, beaks conical, sharp, 1/4 to 1/2 as long as the body, glabrous; seeds 1-3 (5).
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Raphanus raphanistrum var. sativus (L.) G. Beck