E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Rubus idaeus L.
Red Raspberry (American red raspberry; Nagoonberry)
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #85773)

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Distribution of Rubus idaeus
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Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus

Species Information

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Medium shrub, 0.5-2 m tall, perennial with biennial stems (canes); stems erect to ascending, almost unarmed to prickly and bristly, often glandular-hairy, sometimes smooth and glaucous beneath the prickles; bark yellow to cinnamon-brown, shredding; similar to cultivated raspberry.
Alternate, deciduous, pinnately compound, 5-20 cm long; leaflets 3 to 5 on first-year canes, mostly 3 on flowering canes, egg-shaped to broadly lanceolate, 3-10 cm long, double-saw-toothed and sharply long-pointed at the tip, greenish and smooth to sparsely hairy above, paler and greyish-woolly to nearly smooth beneath, the veins and leaf-stalks often glandular-prickly; stipules linear-awl-shaped, 4-10 mm long.
Inflorescence of 1 to 4 stalked flowers in small, open, nodding, axillary or terminal clusters, the stalks often bristly-glandular; corollas white, the petals 5, erect, oblong-spoon-shaped, 4-7 mm long; calyces hairy to glandular-bristly, 5-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, bent back, 4-8 (12) mm long; ovaries superior; stamens 75-100.
Drupelets, finely and thinly woolly, weakly coherent in a red egg-shaped cluster that falls intact from the dry receptacle (a raspberry), the berries 1-1.2 cm wide.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Red
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic to moist thickets, rocky slopes, clearings, burns, old fields and open forests in the lowland and montane zones; common throughout BC mostly in and east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; E to NF and S to CA, N MX and NC.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Rubus idaeus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 5 1003 2750
Slope Gradient (%) -2 18 200
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 146 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(2), BG(10), BWBS(322), CWH(28), ESSF(436), ICH(616), IDF(213), MH(2), MS(207), PP(17), SBPS(29), SBS(857), SWB(11)

Ecological Indicator Information

A shade-intolerant, submontane to subalpine, circumpolar deciduous shrub [transcontinental in North America (absent in hypermaritime and maritime climates)]. Occurs in continental boreal and wet temperate climates on fresh to very moist, nitrogen-rich soils. Plentiful in early successional communities on cutover and/ or bumt sites in the coast­interior ecotone; scattered in open-canopy stands on water­shedding and water-receiving sites. Usually associated with Epilobium angustifolium and Rubus parviflorus. May hinder natural regeneration and growth of shade-intolerant conifers. A nitrophytic species characteristic of disturbed sites.

SourceIndicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia (Information applies to coastal locations only)

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