Rumex crispus L.
curled dock (curly dock)
Polygonaceae (Buckwheat family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Larry Halverson     (Photo ID #71241)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Rumex crispus
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial herb from a stout taproot; stems erect, solitary, unbranched (below the inflorescence), 50-100 cm tall, smooth.
Basal leaves oblong-lanceolate, wedge-shaped to rounded at the base, strongly crisp-margined, the blades 10-30 cm long, the stalks long, pimply and finely hairy; stem leaves alternate, reduced upward, becoming short-stalked.
Inflorescence of numerous flowers in a large, dense, usually greenish, elongate panicle; flower stalks jointed below midlength; outer perianth segments about 1.5 mm long, inner perianth segments mostly 4-6 mm long, each usually with an elliptic-oblong, net-veined, grain-like swelling.
Achenes brown, smooth, shiny, about 2.5 mm long.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Rumex crispus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
876 0 1925
Slope Gradient (%)
8 0 66

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

155 80 340
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
6 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BAFA(1), BG(3), BWBS(7), CDF(2), CWH(2), ESSF(4), ICH(2), IDF(3), MS(3), PP(1), SBPS(1), SBS(4), SWB(1)

Habitat and Range

Moist to mesic roadsides, ditches and disturbed sites; common in SW BC, frequent elsewhere in S BC south of 55degreeN; introduced from Eurasia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia