E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Rumex crispus L.
curled dock (curly dock)
Polygonaceae (Buckwheat family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Larry Halverson  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #71241)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Rumex crispus
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Perennial herb from a stout taproot; stems erect, solitary, unbranched (below the inflorescence), 50-100 cm tall, smooth.
Basal leaves oblong-lanceolate, wedge-shaped to rounded at the base, strongly crisp-margined, the blades 10-30 cm long, the stalks long, pimply and finely hairy; stem leaves alternate, reduced upward, becoming short-stalked.
Inflorescence of numerous flowers in a large, dense, usually greenish, elongate panicle; flower stalks jointed below midlength; outer perianth segments about 1.5 mm long, inner perianth segments mostly 4-6 mm long, each usually with an elliptic-oblong, net-veined, grain-like swelling.
Achenes brown, smooth, shiny, about 2.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic roadsides, ditches and disturbed sites; common in SW BC, frequent elsewhere in S BC south of 55degreeN; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Rumex crispus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 876 1925
Slope Gradient (%) 0 8 66
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
80 155 340
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(1), BG(3), BWBS(7), CDF(2), CWH(2), ESSF(4), ICH(2), IDF(3), MS(3), PP(1), SBPS(1), SBS(4), SWB(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool temperate & cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References