E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Salix barrattiana Hook.
Barratt's willow
Salicaceae (Willow family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #21024)

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Distribution of Salix barrattiana
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Species Information

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General:
Dioecious shrubs, 0.3-1.5 m tall, not colonial; branches erect or decumbent, flexible at base; twigs red-brown to violet, coarsely and moderately hairy; buds and stipules oily.
Leaves:
Alternate, simple, narrowly elliptic to lance- or egg-shaped, 3.5-9.5 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, lower surface not glaucous, long-silky-woolly, hairs white, upper surface shiny, sparsely long soft-hairy to nearly smooth, margins entire to toothed, bases pointed to rounded, tips pointed; leaf stalks without glandular dots at top; stipules leaflike.
Flowers:
Unisexual, lacking sepals and petals, borne in catkins which flower before leaves emerge, the catkins stout, unstalked; floral bracts dark, hairs straight; stamens 2; ovaries 1, hairy; styles 0.6-1.8 mm long.
Fruits:
Capsules which split open to release the seeds, each of which is surrounded by a tuft of hairs; stalks 0.2-0.6 mm long.
Notes:
The buds and stipules of this species are oily and emit a strong balsamic odour.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to wet gravel bars, outwash fans and terraces, streambanks, shrub fens, thickets and meadows in the subalpine and alpine zones, often on limestone; common throughout BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains, except WC BC; N to AK, YT and W NT, E to AB and S to WY.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Salix barrattiana

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 665 1538 2337
Slope Gradient (%) 0 14 85
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
18 153 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
119
Modal BEC Zone Class
SWB
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(9), BWBS(3), ESSF(37), IDF(3), MH(2), MS(1), SBS (3), SWB(45)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Salix albertana Rowlee
Salix barrattiana var. angustifolia Andersson
Salix barrattiana var. latifolia Andersson
Salix barrattiana var. marcescens Raup

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References