General: Dioecious shrubs, 1-5 m tall, not colonial; branches erect, brittle at base, strongly glaucous; twigs red- to yellow-brown, smooth to sparsely hairy.
Leaves: Alternate, simple, strap- to lance-shaped, 4-9 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, lower surface very densely silky or short-woolly-silky, hairs white and rust-coloured, upper surface shiny or dull, silky to nearly smooth, margins entire to toothed, bases and tips pointed; leaf stalks without glandular dots at top; stipules leaflike.
Flowers: Unisexual, lacking sepals and petals, borne in catkins which flower before leaves emerge, the catkins slender or stout, unstalked; floral bracts dark, hairs straight; stamens 2; ovaries 1, hairy; styles 0.5-1.5 mm long.
Fruits: Capsules which split open to release the seeds, each of which is surrounded by a tuft of hairs; stalks 0.3-2 mm long.
Wet to moist thickets, fens, swamps, streambanks, gravelly floodplains, clearings and open forests in the montane and subalpine zones; common throughout BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to S YT and NT, E to SK and S to NM, UT, NV and CA.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-11-26 7:10:46 PM
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