E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Salix pulchra Cham.
diamond-leaved willow (tealeaf willow)
Salicaceae (Willow family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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Distribution of Salix pulchra
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Species Information

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Dioecious shrubs, 0.1-3(-4.5) m tall, not colonial; branches erect, flexible at base; twigs brownish, smooth or densely hairy.
Alternate, simple, narrowly elliptic to egg-shaped, 2-7.5 cm long, 0.8-2.6 cm wide, lower surface glaucous, smooth or midrib sparsely long soft-hairy, hairs white and rust-coloured, upper surface shiny or highly glossy, smooth, margins entire or sometimes toothed, bases and tips pointed; leaf stalks without glandular dots at top; stipules leaflike, linear, often longer than the stalks, persistent 2-4 years.
Unisexual, lacking sepals and petals, borne in catkins which flower before leaves emerge, the catkins stout, unstalked; floral bracts dark, hairs straight; stamens 2; ovaries 1, hairy; styles 1-1.8 mm long.
Capsules which split open to release the seeds, each of which is surrounded by a tuft of hairs; stalks 0.2-0.8 mm long.
This species may hybridize with S. planifolia where their ranges overlap in N BC.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Early Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Black
Present over the Spring
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Moist thickets, shorelines and meadows in the subalpine zone; infrequent in NW BC; amphiberingian, N to AK, YT and NT; E Asia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Salix pulchra

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 1575 1613 1660
Slope Gradient (%) 0 5 10
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
210 221 230
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 3 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(1), SWB(3)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Salix arbusculoides var. glabra (Andersson) Andersson ex C.K. Schneid.
Salix barclayi var. hebecarpa Andersson
Salix fulcrata var. subglauca Andersson
Salix phylicifolia subsp. pulchra (Cham.) Hultén
Salix phylicifolia var. subglauca (Andersson) B. Boivin
Salix phylicoides Andersson
Salix planifolia subsp. pulchra (Cham.) Argus
Salix planifolia var. pulchra
Salix planifolia var. yukonensis (C.K. Schneid.) Argus
Salix pulchra var. looffiae C.R. Ball
Salix pulchra var. palmeri C.R. Ball
Salix pulchra var. yukonensis C.K. Schneid.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References