Salix pulchra Cham.
diamond-leaved willow (tealeaf willow)
Salicaceae (Willow family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


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E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Salix pulchra
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Species Information

Dioecious shrubs, 0.1-3(-4.5) m tall, not colonial; branches erect, flexible at base; twigs brownish, smooth or densely hairy.
Alternate, simple, narrowly elliptic to egg-shaped, 2-7.5 cm long, 0.8-2.6 cm wide, lower surface glaucous, smooth or midrib sparsely long soft-hairy, hairs white and rust-coloured, upper surface shiny or highly glossy, smooth, margins entire or sometimes toothed, bases and tips pointed; leaf stalks without glandular dots at top; stipules leaflike, linear, often longer than the stalks, persistent 2-4 years.
Unisexual, lacking sepals and petals, borne in catkins which flower before leaves emerge, the catkins stout, unstalked; floral bracts dark, hairs straight; stamens 2; ovaries 1, hairy; styles 1-1.8 mm long.
Capsules which split open to release the seeds, each of which is surrounded by a tuft of hairs; stalks 0.2-0.8 mm long.
This species may hybridize with S. planifolia where their ranges overlap in N BC.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Early Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Black
Present over the Spring
Source:  The USDA


Ecological Framework for Salix pulchra

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
1613 1575 1660
Slope Gradient (%)
5 0 10

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

221 210 230
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 1 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BAFA(1), SWB(3)

Habitat and Range

Moist thickets, shorelines and meadows in the subalpine zone; infrequent in NW BC; amphiberingian, N to AK, YT and NT; E Asia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Salix arbusculoides var. glabra (Andersson) Andersson ex C.K. Schneid.
Salix barclayi var. hebecarpa Andersson
Salix fulcrata var. subglauca Andersson
Salix phylicifolia subsp. pulchra (Cham.) Hultén
Salix phylicifolia var. subglauca (Andersson) B. Boivin
Salix phylicoides Andersson
Salix planifolia subsp. pulchra (Cham.) Argus
Salix planifolia var. pulchra
Salix planifolia var. yukonensis (C.K. Schneid.) Argus
Salix pulchra var. looffiae C.R. Ball
Salix pulchra var. palmeri C.R. Ball
Salix pulchra var. yukonensis C.K. Schneid.