Dioecious shrubs or trees, 3-20 m tall, not colonial; branches erect, flexible at base; twigs yellow-green to yellow-brown, sparsely to densely velvety-hairy.
Alternate, simple, narrowly elliptic to lance- or egg-shaped, 3-8.5 cm long, 1-3.6 cm wide, lower surface glaucous, silky to woolly hairy, becoming sparsely so, hairs white and rust-coloured, upper surface shiny, sparsely long soft-hairy becoming nearly smooth, midrib remaining hairy, margins entire or toothed, bases and tips pointed to rounded; leaf stalks without glandular dots at top; stipules leaflike.
Unisexual, lacking sepals and petals, borne in catkins which flower before leaves emerge, the catkins stout, unstalked; floral bracts dark or pale, hairs straight; stamens 2; ovaries 1, hairy; styles 0.2-0.6 mm long.
Capsules which split open to release the seeds, each of which is surrounded by a tuft of hairs; stalks 0.8-2.3 mm long.
The lower leaf surface in this species displays 2 radically different forms of hairiness. Most commonly it has a sparse mixture of short, appressed, rust-coloured or white hairs, but forms that are densely woolly with long, wavy, erect to spreading, white hairs may occur in the same population. Both forms have velvety leaf stalks and twigs.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
Present over the Spring
Source: The USDA
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(1), BAFA(1), BG(5), BWBS(301), CDF(7), CWH(164), ESSF(184), ICH(335), IDF(213), IMA(1), MH(3), MS(193), PP(5), SBPS(59), SBS(492), SWB(63)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Salix brachystachys Benth.
Salix brachystachys var. scouleriana (Barratt ex Hook.) Anderss.
Salix capreoides Anderss.
Salix flavescens Nutt.
Salix flavescens var. capreoides (Anderss.) Bebb
Salix flavescens var. scouleriana (Barratt ex Hook.) Bebb
Salix nuttallii Sarg.
Salix nuttallii var. capreoides (Anderss.) Sarg.
Salix scouleriana var. brachystachys (Benth.) M.E. Jones
Salix scouleriana var. coetanea C.R. Ball
Salix scouleriana var. crassijulis (Anderss.) Schneid.
Salix scouleriana var. flavescens (Nutt.) J.K. Henry
Salix scouleriana var. poikila Schneid.
Salix scouleriana var. thompsonii Ball
Salix stagnalis Nutt.