Salix stolonifera Coville
creeping willow (sprouting leaf willow)
Salicaceae (Willow family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Virginia Skilton     (Photo ID #81091)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Salix stolonifera
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Dwarf shrubs, 2-9 cm tall, forming rhizomatous mats; branches trailing or erect, flexible at base; twigs brownish, smooth.
Alternate, simple, elliptic to nearly circular, 1.6-4.2 cm long, 1.2-3.8 cm wide, lower surface glaucous, hairy; becoming nearly smooth, hairs white, upper surface highly glossy, smooth or margin fringed with long hairs, margins entire or toothed, bases rounded to pointed, tips rounded or notched; leaf stalks without glandular dots at top; stipules rudimentary.
Unisexual, lacking sepals and petals, borne in catkins which flower as leaves emerge, the catkins stout to globe-shaped, on leafy twigs; floral bracts dark, hairs straight or wavy; stamens 2; ovaries 1, smooth or hairy on beak; styles 0.6-1.6 mm long.
Capsules which split open to release the seeds, each of which is surrounded by a tuft of hairs; stalks 0.2-0.8 mm long.
This species hybridizes with S. arctica and S. barclayi.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Salix stolonifera

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
1661 915 2095
Slope Gradient (%)
19 0 65

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

248 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 0 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

AT(1), BAFA(84), BWBS(1), cma(6), ESSF(15), MH(1), SBS(1), SWB(11)

Habitat and Range

Moist meadows in the alpine zone; frequent in NW BC; N to AK and YT and E to AB.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia