Salix vestita Pursh
rock willow
Salicaceae (Willow family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Bryan Kelly-McArthur     (Photo ID #73203)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Salix vestita
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Dioecious shrubs, 0.2-1.5 m tall, not colonial; branches erect, flexible at base; twigs yellow- to grey-brown, sparsely to densely hairy.
Alternate, simple, leathery, broadly elliptic to egg-shaped, 2-7 cm long, 1-4 cm wide, lower surface glaucous, long soft-hairy or veins with long straight hairs, hairs white, upper surface shiny, deeply impressed veiny, smooth or silky, margins entire or toothed, bases rounded, tips rounded or notched; leaf stalks with or without dark, glandular dots at top; stipules rudimentary.
Unisexual, lacking sepals and petals, borne in catkins which flower as leaves emerge, the catkins slender, on leafy twigs; floral bracts pale, hairs straight; stamens 2; ovaries 1, hairy; styles 0.2-0.4 mm long.
Capsules which split open to release the seeds, each of which is surrounded by a tuft of hairs; stalks 0.4-1.2 mm long.
In this species the vegetative twigs almost always terminate in a catkin.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Salix vestita

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
1863 97 2550
Slope Gradient (%)
31 0 99

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

6 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 0 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

AT(4), BAFA(1), BWBS(2), ESSF(65), ICH(4), IMA(1), MS(2), SWB(5)

Habitat and Range

Moist to dry open forests and rocky streamsides in the upper montane and subalpine zones, rarely in the alpine zone; locally common in extreme E BC, less common westward; E to AB and disjunct in N MB to NS and NF and S to MT and OR.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Salix fernaldii Blank.
Salix leiolepis Fernald
Salix reticulata var. vestita (Pursh) Andersson
Salix vestita subsp. leiolepis (Fernald) Argus
Salix vestita var. erecta Andersson
Salix vestita var. humilior Andersson
Salix vestita var. psilophylla Fernald & H. St. John