E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Sanguisorba menziesii Rydb.
Menzies' burnet
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Grant Christensen  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #86827)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Sanguisorba menziesii
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Perennial herb from a stout rhizome, smooth; stems erect to ascending, 25-80 cm tall, sometimes branched above.
Basal leaves several, 15-40 cm long, pinnately compound, with stipules fused to base of long leaf-stalks and forming membranous margins; leaflets 9 to 15, egg-shaped to oblong, 2-5 cm long, coarsely saw-toothed; stem leaves alternate, 1 or 2, reduced, with free leaflet-like stipules.
Inflorescence a dense, cylindric, long-stalked spike of numerous small flowers, the spike 1.5-7 cm long; corollas absent; calyces reddish-purple to pink, 4-lobed, the lobes oval, 2-3 mm long; ovaries superior; stamens 4, the filaments flattened, club-shaped, about twice as long as the calyx-lobes.
Achenes, enclosed in the 4-angled, distinctly winged, smooth hypanthium.
Possibly a hybrid between S. canadensis and S. officinalis.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Fens, bogs, marshes and wet meadows in the lowland and montane zones; rare along the coast; N to AK and S to WA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Sanguisorba menziesii

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 5 205 550
Slope Gradient (%) 0 0 0
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
6 7 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CDF(2), CWH(3), MH(2)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References