E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh
lance-leaved figwort (lanceleaf figwort)
Scrophulariaceae (Butterfly-bush family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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Distribution of Scrophularia lanceolata
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from thickened roots; stems erect, 80-150 cm tall, clustered, 4-angled, minutely glandular-hairy.
Opposite, stalked, the stalks 1-4 cm long, the blades egg-shaped to lance-triangular, 5-15 cm long, coarsely single- to double-sawtoothed.
Inflorescence a long, narrow branched, terminal cluster of stalked flowers, the stalks glandular-hairy, corollas 8-14 mm long, yellowish-green to greenish-brown, urn-shaped, 2-lipped, the upper lip pointing forward, 2-lobed, the lower lip shorter, 3-lobed, the middle lobe pointing down; calyces 3-4 mm long, 5-lobed, the lobes egg-shaped, rounded; fertile stamens 4, sterile stamen 1, attached near the base of the upper lip, yellow-green, fan-shaped, wider than long.
Capsules, pear-shaped, 6-8 mm long; seeds numerous, oblong egg-shaped, angular, ridged.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic roadsides, clearings, thickets and forest edges in the lowland and montane zones; rare on Vancouver Island and in SC BC; E to PQ and NS and S to VT, PA, NC, IN, IO, OK, NM, UT, NV and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Scrophularia leporella Bicknell
Scrophularia occidentalis (Rydb.) Bichn.
Scrophularia pectinata Raf.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References