E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Scutellaria galericulata L.
marsh skullcap
Lamiaceae (Mint family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #66415)

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Distribution of Scutellaria galericulata
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from slender rhizome; stems mostly erect, 20-80 cm tall, simple or branched, 4-angled, with stiff downward pointing hairs especially along the angles but sometimes glabrous or glandular.
Usually only stem leaves, opposite, lanceolate to oblong egg-shaped, 2-5 cm long, 6-20 mm wide, pinnately veined, tips pointed, bases blunt to somewhat notched, glabrous above, minutely hairy beneath, margins entire to blunt-toothed; stalks 1-5 mm long.
Solitary in axils of slightly reduced leaves; stalks 2-4 mm long; corollas tubular, blue, 15-20 mm long, 2-lipped, the upper lip entire, shorter than lower and hood-like, the lower lip 3-lobed, the broad central lobe papillate, not hairy, marked with white; calyces 3.5-4.5 mm long, 2-lipped, upper lip with a scooped-out ridge across the back.
Nutlets, 4 clustered together, almost spherical, brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Wet to moist edges of lakes and streams, roadside ditches, and open wet forests in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; frequent throughout BC; circumboreal, N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to TX, NM, AZ and CA; Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Scutellaria galericulata

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 25 776 1815
Slope Gradient (%) 0 1 34
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
100 167 322
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(2), BWBS(4), CDF(2), CWH(4), ICH(3), IDF(10), MS(4), PP(2), SBPS(5), SBS(23)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Scutellaria epilobiifolia A. Ham.
Scutellaria galericulata subsp. pubescens (Benth.) A. Löve & D. Löve
Scutellaria galericulata var. epilobiifolia (A. Ham.) Jordal
Scutellaria galericulata var. pubescens Benth.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References