Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke
bladder campion (maidenstears)
Caryophyllaceae (Pink family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Bryan Kelly-McArthur     (Photo ID #78003)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Silene vulgaris
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial from a strong taproot; stems erect to ascending, several, branched, usually glabrous and glaucous, 20-80 cm tall, the lower branches sometimes decumbent and rhizome-like.
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves opposite, narrowly egg-shaped to oblanceolate, 3-8 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, glabrous, lower ones short-stalked, upper ones unstalked; stipules lacking.
Inflorescence of several to many flowers in a usually open and loose cluster; petals 5, white, clawed, the claws expanded above, about 2 cm long, the blades 4-6 mm long, deeply 2-cleft, otherwise entire; sepals 5, pale green to purplish, united, forming a tube 15-20 mm long and becoming inflated, prominently net-veined, glabrous except for the fringed lobes, 15- or 20-nerved.
Capsules egg-shaped to ellipsoid, 1.8-2 cm long, 6-valved; seeds 1-1.5 mm long, white becoming brown, warty-pimply.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Silene vulgaris

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
950 469 2425
Slope Gradient (%)
28 0 68

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

161 64 311
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 0 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

AT(1), BG(1), ESSF(1), IDF(4), PP(2), SWB(1)

Habitat and Range

Dry roadsides, fields and waste places in the lowland, steppe and lower montane zones; common in S BC; introduced from Eurasia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Oberna commutata (Guss.) Ikonn.
Silene cucubalus Wibel
Silene cucubalus var. latifolia
Silene inflata Sm.
Silene latifolia (Mill.) Britten & Rendle