Solanum dulcamara L.
European bittersweet (climbing nightshade)
Solanaceae (Potato family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

Photograph

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Map

E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Solanum dulcamara
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SUBTAXA PRESENT IN BC

Solanum dulcamara var. dulcamara

Species Information

General:
Perennial vine from a rhizome; stems shrubby below, 0.1-3 m long.
Leaves:
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves widely egg-shaped, sometimes with basal lobes, heart-shaped at the base, 2.5-8 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of terminal, umbrella-shaped clusters of flowers on stalks 1.5-4 cm long; corollas blue or violet, lobed, the lobes 5-9 mm long but soon bent back; calyces 3-4 mm long; anthers yellow.
Fruits:
Berries, globe- to egg-shaped, bright red, 8-11 mm wide; seeds 2-3 mm long.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Solanum dulcamara

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Avg

Min

Max

Elevation (metres)
385 35 650
Slope Gradient (%)
1 0 10

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

97 100 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
6 5 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
24
Modal BEC Zone Class
PP

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BG(4), CDF(1), CWH(4), ICH(1), IDF(4), PP(10)

Habitat and Range

Moist to mesic waste places in the lowland and steppe zones; common in SW BC (lower Fraser Valley) infrequent in SC and SE BC; introduced from Eurasia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia