E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Solanum physalifolium Rusby
hairy nightshade (hoe nightshade)
Solanaceae (Potato family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #5401)

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Distribution of Solanum physalifolium
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Solanum species are distinctive plants in the Potato or Tomato Family, with 'tomato' type flowers that have typical recurved petals and bright yellow stamens, and alternate leaves.

Species Information

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Annual herb from a taproot; stems softly spreading-hairy with flattened often sticky gland-tipped hairs, hairy on veins beneath, 10-90 cm tall.
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves egg-shaped to deltoid, entire or toothed or wavy margined, stalked, 2-8 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide.
Inflorescence of axillary, few-flowered clusters, the flowers on ascending stalks; corollas white to pale blue, 5-10 mm wide, lobed, the lobes spreading to bent back; calyces 4-9 mm long at maturity, cupping the fruit, sticky-hairy, lobes unequal.
Berries, globe-shaped, yellowish, 6-7 mm wide; seeds about 2 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry waste places, roadsides and fields in the lowland and steppe zones; infrequent in SW and SC BC; introduced from S America.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Solanum physalifolium var. nitidibaccatum (Bitter) Edmonds
Solanum sarachoides auct. non Sendtner [misapplied]
Solanum sarrachoides
Solanum villosum (L.) Mill.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References