Solanum physalifolium Rusby
hairy nightshade (hoe nightshade)
Solanaceae (Potato family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Virginia Skilton     (Photo ID #5401)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Solanum physalifolium
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Solanum species are distinctive plants in the Potato or Tomato Family, with 'tomato' type flowers that have typical recurved petals and bright yellow stamens, and alternate leaves.

Species Information

Annual herb from a taproot; stems softly spreading-hairy with flattened often sticky gland-tipped hairs, hairy on veins beneath, 10-90 cm tall.
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves egg-shaped to deltoid, entire or toothed or wavy margined, stalked, 2-8 cm long, 1.5-5 cm wide.
Inflorescence of axillary, few-flowered clusters, the flowers on ascending stalks; corollas white to pale blue, 5-10 mm wide, lobed, the lobes spreading to bent back; calyces 4-9 mm long at maturity, cupping the fruit, sticky-hairy, lobes unequal.
Berries, globe-shaped, yellowish, 6-7 mm wide; seeds about 2 mm long.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

Habitat and Range

Mesic to dry waste places, roadsides and fields in the lowland and steppe zones; infrequent in SW and SC BC; introduced from S America.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Solanum physalifolium var. nitidibaccatum (Bitter) Edmonds
Solanum sarachoides auct. non Sendtner [misapplied]
Solanum sarrachoides
Solanum villosum (L.) Mill.