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Hooded ladies' tresses (Spiranthes romanzoffiana) is a widespread species in North America and is found throughout Canada and the United States, except for the southeastern states (USDA 2010). In British Columbia, this species is frequent below 55 degrees N and infrequent north of that. Across the province it is found in a variety of habitats, including dry to moist forests, bog forests, and open (moist) meadows at elevations ranging from sea level (Boundary Bay Park) to 1200+ m. This is a perennial species,10-50 cm tall, with long fleshy tuberous roots. Leaves are primarily basal with some stem leaves that grade into short, sheathing bracts. Flowers are distinctive, white and spiralling on the stem, often in vertical rows.Flowers appear from mid-July to mid-August at low elevations, but plants have been observed in flower in September at higher elevations. This species is very similar to Ute ladies' tresses (Spiranthes diluvialis), a recently found species of ladies' tresses in the province.
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General: Perennial herb from long, fleshy, tuberous roots, with a few fibrous ones; stems 10-50 cm tall, leafy below, bracted above.
Leaves: Basal linear to linear-lanceolate, 5-20 cm long, usually 5-10 mm wide, some stem leaves but soon reduced into short, sheathing, lance-shaped bracts above.
Flowers: Inflorescence a dense, bracted, cylindrical spike, the flowers creamy-white to greenish-white, usually in three somewhat spiralling vertical rows, the bracts 10-20 mm long, about the length of the flowers, whitish or pale green; sepals and petals to 12 mm long, the lateral sepals narrowly egg-shaped, the tips bent back, the upper sepal and petals about equal in length, forming a curved, tubular hood 7-12 mm long; lip egg-shaped, about length of sepals, veined, strongly curved downward, constricted above the middle, widened below into an egg-shaped, terminal lobe; spur absent; column 2-4 mm long.
Dry to moist forests, bog forests, bogs, meadows, and open depressions in the lowland to montane zones; frequent throughout BC, south of 55 degrees N, infrequent northward; N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to ME, MA, PA, OH, IN, IL, IA, SD, NM, AZ and CA; British Isles.
Hooded ladies' tresses is most likely to be confused with Ute ladies' tresses (Spiranthes diluvialis). Spiranthes diluvialis is distinguished from Spiranthes romanzoffiana by "its longer and denser hairs in the inflorescence, and its lack of a distinctly flared distal portion of the lip (Sheviak & Brown 2002)" (Bjork et al. 2008).
Ecological Framework for Spiranthes romanzoffiana
The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range. (Updated August, 2013)
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2021-09-24 8:15:09 PM
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