E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Tetraplodon mnioides (Hedw.) B.S.G.
slender cruet-moss (entireleaf nitrogen moss)

Species Account Author: Wilf Schofield
Extracted from Some Common Mosses of British Columbia

Introduction to the Bryophytes of BC

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #29966)

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Distribution of Tetraplodon mnioides
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Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Illustration Source: Some Common Mosses of BC

Species description:
Genus name describing the peristome teeth that are often fused in fours when young. Species name meaning Mnium-like, although this similarity is difficult to discern.
Sporophytes frequent, with brilliant red setae and dark brown to red-brown sporangia, maturing in summer. Sometimes dark brown to nearly black when dried.
Distinguishing characteristics:
The habitat on decomposing animal waste, the conic habit, the sporangia that show a somewhat swollen lower portion and a cylindric portion above it, and the usually wine-red seta are usually reliable features.
Forming hard, rounded to conical, dark green to light green tufts.
Similar Species:
T. angustatus is very similar but the leaves are toothed (clearly visible with hand lens); those of T. mnioides lack teeth. T. palĀ­lidus is similar but has yellow setae and pale sporangia; Y. urceolatus is also similar but the seta is very short and the tufts are often very dense; the sporangia are also short and stout. Yayloria species usually do not form tufts and the sporangia lack a swollen lower portion. Splachnum sphaericum and S. vasculosum usually have very long, slender and readily collapsing setae; those of Tetraplodon are rigid.

Habitat / Range

Animal-waste in bogs, open-forest, and trail margins, from sea level to sub alpine elevations.
World Distribution

Circumpolar in the Northern Hemisphere, also in southern South America and New Guinea; in North America extending southward in the east to New York and the Great Lakes area, and in the west to southern Oregon.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Tetraplodon mnioides var. brewerianus (Hedw.) Bruch & Schimp.
Tetraplodon mnioides var. paradoxus (R. Br.) C.E.O. Jensen

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References