Genus named in honour of J.c. Timm, an 18th-century, German botanist. Species named for Austria, where the species was first collected.
Sporophytes occasional, the setae and sporangia light brown when mature in summer.
The somewhat sheathing often reddish-pigmented leaf bases, the light to dark green plants, the strongly divergent but stiff leaves, and the nodding sporangia are useful features for determination.
Tall, dull, grayish green to dark green turfs, often suffused with the red-brown of the coloured sheathing leaf base and the unbranched stems; affixed to the substratum by brownish rhizoids.
T. austriaca is sometimes confused with Polytrichum but the similarity is superficial since the leaves lack lamellae found in Polytrichum and the sporophyte is obviously different. The leaves that are sub sheathing will immediately distinguish it from Bryum, Mnium or Pohlia in which the sporophyte is superficially similar.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: Some Common Mosses of BC
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Timmia austriaca var. arctica (Lindb.) Arnell