E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Trifolium aureum Pollich
yellow clover (golden clover)
Fabaceae (Pea family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #71487)

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Distribution of Trifolium aureum
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Species Information

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Annual herb from a taproot; stems several, erect or ascending, 20-50 cm tall, short-hairy or glabrous.
Alternate, palmately compound; leaflets 3, oblong-elliptic to oblanceolate, 1-3 cm long, fine-toothed along upper half; stipules lanceolate, 10-18 mm long, joined to the leaf-stalk for about 2/3 their length, the free tips long-pointed.
Inflorescence a dense, egg-shaped, axillary head of 30 to 100 drooping, pea-like flowers, the heads 1-1.5 cm wide, lacking an involucre; corollas 5-7 mm long, yellow, the banner somewhat flared and spreading, much longer than the wings and keel; calyces about 1/2 as long as the corollas, 5-veined, usually glabrous, the upper pair of teeth 1/2 as long as the lower 3.
Pods, oblong; seeds 1 or 2.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry roadsides, fields and waste places in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; common in S BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Trifolium aureum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 706 927 1300
Slope Gradient (%) 0 17 50
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
14 247 340
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 3 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: ICH(1), IDF(15), MS(3), PP(2), SBS(8)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Trifolium agrarium L. p.p.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References