Trifolium hybridum L.
alsike clover
Fabaceae (Pea family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Alfred Cook     (Photo ID #8500)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Trifolium hybridum
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial herb from a taproot; stems several, ascending to erect, 10-60 cm tall, rarely rooting at the nodes, slightly hairy.
Alternate, palmately compound; leaflets 3, thin, elliptic to egg-shaped, 1-3 cm long, fine-toothed, glabrous except for short curly hairs on the stalks; stipules narrowly egg-shaped, veined, 5-25 mm long, the tips long-tapering.
Inflorescence a dense, globe-shaped, axillary head of pea-like, spreading to nodding flowers, the heads 1.5-2.5 cm wide, without involucres, on stalks to 15 cm long, mostly longer than the subtending leaves; corollas pink to reddish or white, 5-10 mm long; calyces 1/2 -1/3 as long as the corollas, sparsely hairy at the base of the green, awl-shaped teeth, the tube 10-veined, whitish.
Pods, oblong; seeds 1-3.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Late Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA


Ecological Framework for Trifolium hybridum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
946 520 2270
Slope Gradient (%)
7 0 60

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

194 0 356
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 2 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BWBS(3), CWH(2), ESSF(1), ICH(4), IDF(50), MS(13), SBS(25)

Habitat and Range

Mesic to dry roadsides, fields and waste places in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; common in BC south of 54oN and to 57oN in NE BC, infrequent northward; introduced from Eurasia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Trifolium elegans Savi
Trifolium hybridum subsp. elegans (Savi) Asch. & Graebn.
Trifolium hybridum var. elegans (Savi) Boiss.
Trifolium hybridum var. pratense Rabenh.