E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Trifolium campestre Schreb.
low hop-clover (field clover)
Fabaceae (Pea family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #3379)

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Distribution of Trifolium campestre
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Species Information

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Annual herb from a taproot; stems several, trailing to ascending, short-hairy, 10-35 cm long/tall.
Alternate, somewhat pinnately compound; leaflets 3, egg- to wedge-shaped, 5-15 mm long, the stalk of the terminal leaflet at least twice as long as those of the lateral leaflets; stipules egg-shaped, 4-9 mm long, joined to the leaf-stalk for 1/2 their length, the free tips triangular.
Inflorescence a dense, egg- to globe-shaped, axillary head of 30 to 100 drooping, pea-like flowers, the heads about 12 mm wide, lacking involucres; corollas yellow, becoming brown, 4-6 mm long, the banner broad, longer than the wings and keel; calyces 1/2 as long as the corollas, glabrous, 5-veined.
Pods, egg-shaped, about 2 mm long; seeds 1 or 2.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry roadsides, fields and waste places in the lowland zone; frequent in SW BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Trifolium procumbens L. 1755, non 1753

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References