E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Vaccinium deliciosum Piper
blue-leaved huckleberry (Cascade bilberry; Cascade blueberry; Cascade huckleberry)
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jim Riley  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #19361)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Vaccinium deliciosum
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Species Information

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Low, densely branched, often matted shrub; stems 15-40 cm tall, inconspicuously angled, greenish-brown, glabrous or minutely hairy.
Alternate, deciduous, egg-shaped to oblanceolate, to 3 cm long (sometimes longer), 1/3-1/2 as wide, rounded to pointed at tip, narrowed to base, dull green on upper surface, pale greenish with whitish bloom beneath, margins obscurely to distinctly toothed for the upper 1/2-1/3 of their length, often minutely rolled under.
Solitary in leaf axils, nodding; corollas pinkish, globular urn-shaped, 6-7 mm long, less than twice as long as wide; calyces very obscurely lobed, deciduous in fruit; filaments glabrous, shorter than anthers; anthers awned, with slender, terminal tubes.
Berries, nearly globe-shaped, 6-8 mm wide, blue to blue-black with a pale grey bloom; very palatable.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to moist forests, glades and meadows in the montane to alpine zones; locally common in extreme SW and SC BC; S to N OR.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Vaccinium deliciosum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 280 1390 2145
Slope Gradient (%) 0 25 120
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 219 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(6), CMA(5), CWH(16), ESSF(39), IMA(1), MH(130), SWB(1)

Ecological Indicator Information

A shade-intolerant, submontane to subalpine, Western North American deciduous shrub distributed more in the Pacific than the Cordilleran region. Occurs in maritime to submaritime subalpine boreal climates on fresh to very moist, nitrogen-poor soils; its occurrence increases with increasing elevation and decreases with increasing continentality. Inhabits late snow-melt sites.

SourceIndicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia (Information applies to coastal locations only)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is subalpine boreal & cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References