Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx.
velvet-leaved blueberry (velvetleaf huckleberry)
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Bryan Kelly-McArthur     (Photo ID #81385)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Vaccinium myrtilloides
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Low shrub, growing in dense colonies; stems up to 40 cm tall, rounded, hairy with very dense, velvety hairs, especially when young.
Alternate, deciduous, thin, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, to 4 cm long, entire, green, softly hairy, tips pointed.
Solitary, or few in terminal clusters, appearing when the leaves are half their mature size; flower stalks shorter than corolla; corollas greenish-white or tinged with pink, cylindric bell-shaped, up to 5 mm long; filaments hairy; anthers awnless.
Berries, up to 10 mm wide, blue, with heavy pale blue bloom; edible and sweet.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.


Ecological Framework for Vaccinium myrtilloides

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
909 6 2300
Slope Gradient (%)
10 0 80

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

239 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 0 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BWBS(125), ESSF(51), ICH(115), IDF(11), MS(34), SBPS(57), SBS(437), SWB(1)

Habitat and Range

Dry to mesic forests and clearings on sandy and rocky soils and hummocks in bogs in the montane zone; frequent in C and SE BC, infrequent in NE BC, rare in SW BC (lower mainland bogs); N to NT, E to NF, and S to MT, IA, and VA.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Cyanococcus canadensis (Kalm ex A. Rich.) Rydb.
Vaccinium angustifolium var. myrtilloides (Michx.) House
Vaccinium canadense Kalm ex A. Rich.