Vaccinium ovalifolium Sm.
oval-leaved blueberry (oval-leaf blueberry)
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Virginia Skilton     (Photo ID #14259)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Vaccinium ovalifolium
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Erect, spreading shrub; stems 0.4-2 m tall, angled; glabrous; young twigs brownish to yellowish or reddish; old branches greyish.
Alternate, deciduous, oval to broadly egg-shaped, 1-5 cm long, 0.7-3 cm wide, blunt at both ends, entire or sometimes very slightly toothed, glabrous, more or less with a whitish bloom on the lower surfaces.
Solitary in leaf axils, appearing before the leaves have reached half their mature size; flower stalks 1-8 mm long, strongly curved downward in fruit, not enlarged immediately under the berry; corollas pinkish, tubular urn-shaped, about 4-7 mm long, usually longer than wide, widest just below midlength; calyces shallowly lobed, the lobes deciduous (rarely persistent) in fruit; filaments glabrous, shorter than the anthers; anthers awned, with terminal pores.
Berries, globe-shaped, 6-9 mm wide, purplish-black to bluish-black, mostly with distinct bluish bloom; pleasantly tart.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Mid Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Blue
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA


Ecological Framework for Vaccinium ovalifolium

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
905 0 2750
Slope Gradient (%)
22 0 200

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

323 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 0 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BAFA(1), BWBS(6), CDF(2), CMA(1), CWH(1746), ESSF(1616), ICH(1912), IDF(6), MH(469), MS(53), SBPS(2), SBS(519), SWB(3)

Habitat and Range

Mesic to wet forests and openings, and bogs in the lowland to subalpine zones; common throughout C and S BC; amphiberingian, N to AK and S YT, disjunct to ON, MI, PQ, NF, and NS, and S to OR and MT; E Asia.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia