Vaccinium parvifolium Sm.
red huckleberry
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Dave Ingram     (Photo ID #6067)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Vaccinium parvifolium
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Erect shrub; stems 1-4 m tall, bright green, very prominently angled, glabrous or minutely hairy when young.
Alternate, deciduous (often some persistent), oval to oblong-elliptic, 0.9-3 cm long, 0.4-1.6 cm wide, entire, glabrous to minutely hairy, tips usually rounded; juvenile leaves persistent, dark green, finely toothed.
Solitary in leaf axils; flower stalks 2-8 mm long; corollas yellowish-pink, waxy, broadly bell- to urn-shaped, 4-5 mm long; calyces shallowly lobed, the lobes persistent in fruit; filaments glabrous; anthers with prominent spreading awns, the apical pore-bearing tubes short.
Berries, globe-shaped, 6-10 mm wide, bright red; edible, often tart.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Red
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA


Ecological Framework for Vaccinium parvifolium

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
282 0 1850
Slope Gradient (%)
26 0 410

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

232 0 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 0 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

CDF(163), CMA(1), CWH(4233), ESSF(7), ICH(123), IDF(45), MH(157), MS(1), SBS(15)

Habitat and Range

Dry to moist forests and on decaying wood in the lowland and montane zones; common in W BC, mainly west of the Coast-Cascade Mountains, infrequent in SE BC; N to SE AK and S to CA.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia