E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Vaccinium parvifolium Sm.
red huckleberry
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Dave Ingram  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #6067)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Vaccinium parvifolium
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Species Information

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Erect shrub; stems 1-4 m tall, bright green, very prominently angled, glabrous or minutely hairy when young.
Alternate, deciduous (often some persistent), oval to oblong-elliptic, 0.9-3 cm long, 0.4-1.6 cm wide, entire, glabrous to minutely hairy, tips usually rounded; juvenile leaves persistent, dark green, finely toothed.
Solitary in leaf axils; flower stalks 2-8 mm long; corollas yellowish-pink, waxy, broadly bell- to urn-shaped, 4-5 mm long; calyces shallowly lobed, the lobes persistent in fruit; filaments glabrous; anthers with prominent spreading awns, the apical pore-bearing tubes short.
Berries, globe-shaped, 6-10 mm wide, bright red; edible, often tart.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Red
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Dry to moist forests and on decaying wood in the lowland and montane zones; common in W BC, mainly west of the Coast-Cascade Mountains, infrequent in SE BC; N to SE AK and S to CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Vaccinium parvifolium

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 282 1850
Slope Gradient (%) 0 26 410
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 232 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CDF(163), CMA(1), CWH(4233), ESSF(7), ICH(123), IDF(45), MH(157), MS(1), SBS(15)

Ecological Indicator Information

A shade-tolerant, submontane to subalpine, Western North American deciduous shrub distributed more in the Pacific than the Cordilleran region. Occurs in cool mesothermal climates on nitrogen-poor soils; its occurrence decreases with increasing elevation and continentality.

SourceIndicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia (Information applies to coastal locations only)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References