E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.
lingonberry (bog blueberry; foxberry; mountain cranberry; rock cranberry)
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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Distribution of Vaccinium vitis-idaea
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Vaccinium vitis-idaea ssp. minus

Species Information

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Low, mat-forming shrub; stems decumbent or ascending, 5-25 cm long, rounded or slightly angled, minutely hairy.
Alternate, evergreen, leathery, narrowly elliptic to egg-shaped, 6-15 mm long, 2-9 mm wide, rounded to shallowly notched at tips, shiny green above, pale with brownish or black stalked glands beneath, margins entire to slightly toothed, somewhat rolled under; nearly unstalked.
One to several in short, terminal clusters; flower stalks with 1-2 bracts below the flower, glandular; corollas pinkish, bell-shaped, 4-6 mm long, 4-lobed to the middle; calyces deeply lobed, the lobes persistent in fruit; filaments hairy; anthers awnless, prolonged into long tubes.
Berries, globe-shaped, 6-10 mm wide, bright red; edible but rather acid.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Red
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Wet to dry forests, and bogs and tundra from lowland to alpine zones; common in N BC, infrequent along the coast, rare in SE BC; circumboreal, N to AK, YT, and NT, E to NF and S to N MN and NH; Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Vaccinium vitis-idaea

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 6 919 2150
Slope Gradient (%) 0 12 173
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 324 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(77), BWBS(1073), CWH(137), ESSF(111), ICH(13), MH(3), MS(4), SBPS(6), SBS(83), SWB(281)

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