Valeriana dioica var. sylvatica L.
Caprifoliaceae (Valerian family)
(Previously in Valerianaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Daniel Mosquin     (Photo ID #59546)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Valeriana dioica var. sylvatica
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Perennial herb from a stout branched rhizome or woody stem-base with fibrous roots; stems erect, solitary, simple below the inflorescence, smooth or nearly so, 10-40 cm tall.
Basal leaves spoon-shaped to egg-shaped, up to 8 cm long and 3 cm wide, mostly simple, smooth, long-stalked; stem leaves opposite, 2-4 pairs, up to 5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide, pinnately cleft with 1-7 pairs of lateral lobes, the terminal lobe narrowly oblong, short-stalked or unstalked.
Inflorescence a compact, round-topped cluster of either male and female or only female flowers; corollas white, 2-4 mm long, lobed, the lobes about equal to the tubes; calyces with 9-15 feathery segments; stamens well exserted.
Achenes, lanceolate, 3-5 mm long, up to 2 mm wide, smooth.
The North American plants, recognized as ssp. sylvatica, are closely related to and not always easily distinguished from the Eurasian ssp. dioica.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat and Range

Wet to moist meadows and streambanks in the montane and subalpine zones; frequent in BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to YT and NT, E to NF and S to SD, WY, ID and WA.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia