Perennial herb from a short, stout rhizome; flowering stems robust, erect, 0.7-2 m tall, often clustered, unbranched, leafy and short-hairy to woolly throughout or smooth in lower half.
Stem leaves numerous, broadly egg-shaped to oblong-elliptic, 10-35 cm long, 5-15 cm wide, becoming smaller and narrower towards the inflorescence, prominently ribbed (accordion-pleated), smooth above, densely hairy beneath, unstalked or nearly so, clasping at the base, the margins entire; basal leaves lacking.
Inflorescence a branched terminal cluster, the branches elongate, narrow, densely hairy, and at least the lower drooping, of numerous, stalked flowers, the stalks 2-3 (5) mm long, turning up as the flowers open; flowers pale green or yellow-green, with dark green centres, star-shaped, of 6 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals narrowly lanceolate to oblong-elliptic, 6-13 mm long, somewhat woolly-hairy on the outside, the margins minutely toothed to fringed; stamens 6; pistil 1, 3-chambered.
Capsules, barrel-shaped, 3-lobed, erect, 1.5-3 cm long, mostly smooth; seeds numerous, flat, broadly winged, 8-10 mm long.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(36), BAFA(40), BWBS(9), CDF(1), CMA(7), CWH(616), ESSF(3238), ICH(442), IDF(11), IMA(15), MH(381), MS(105), SBPS(7), SBS(519), SWB(20)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Veratrum eschscholtzianum (Schult. & Schult. f.) Rydb. ex A. Heller
Veratrum eschscholtzii A. Gray
Veratrum eschscholtzii var. incriminatum B. Boivin
Veratrum viride subsp. eschscholtzii (A. Gray) A. Löve & D. Löve
Veratrum viride var. eschscholtzii (A. Gray) Breitung