Annual herb from a taproot; stems erect, 5-30 cm tall/long, often decumbent or creeping at the base, simple to branched at the base, hairy, sometimes also glandular above.
Opposite, short-stalked below, unstalked above, egg-shaped to broadly elliptic, 0.5-1.5 cm long, coarse-toothed, hairy.
Inflorescence a terminal, bracted, glandular-hairy raceme, at first compact then elongating and lax, of several to many short-stalked flowers, the stalks 0.5-2 mm long, shorter than the bracts, the bracts alternate, the lowermost leaflike, reduced and entire and narrower than the leaves upward; corollas blue to blue-violet, inconspicuous, 2-3 mm across, irregularly 4-lobed, the lobes much longer than the short tube, the upper lobe largest, the lowest lobe narrower than the others; calyces glandular-hairy, 3-5 mm long, deeply 4-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, unequal; styles short, 0.4-1 mm long; stamens 2.
Capsules, 2.5-3.5 mm long, flattened, heart-shaped, about as wide as long, distinctly notched at the tip, fringed with hairs or glandular-hairy on the margins; seeds 8 to 12 per chamber, flat, smooth, about 1 mm long.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|CDF(13), CWH(1), ICH(2), IDF(2), PP(5), SBPS(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013