Perennial herb from a shallow rhizome; stems erect or decumbent at the base, 5-20 cm tall, simple, thinly wavy-hairy and often also glandular, glandular-hairy in the inflorescence.
Opposite, unstalked, elliptic to egg-shaped, 1-2.5 cm long, entire, smooth.
Inflorescence a compact, terminal, bracted raceme of several stalked flowers; corollas deep blue-violet, saucer-shaped, 8-13 mm across, irregularly 4-lobed, the lobes much longer than the short tube, the upper lobe largest, the lowest lobe narrower than the others; calyces glandular-hairy, deeply 4-lobed, the lobes narrowly egg-shaped, unequal; styles 5-10 mm long, conspicuously exserted; stamens 2, exserted, the filaments 4-8 mm long.
Capsules, 4-6 mm long, a little longer than wide, flattened, heart-shaped, distinctly to scarcely notched at the tip, glandular-hairy; seeds numerous, flat, about 1 mm long.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|BAFA(1), ESSF(17), MS(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013