E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Veronica peregrina var. xalapensis L. (Kunth) Pennell
purslane speedwell
Plantaginaceae (Mare's-tail family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #6974)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Veronica peregrina var. xalapensis
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Species Information

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Annual herb from a short taproot and fibrous roots; stems erect or ascending, 5-30 cm tall, simple or branched at the base, glandular-hairy or smooth.
Opposite, unstalked or the lowermost tapering to a stalk-like base, narrowly oblong to lanceolate, 0.5-3 cm long, irregularly toothed or entire, usually smooth.
Inflorescence a terminal, bracted, elongate, lax raceme of several to many, very short-stalked (0.5-1.5 mm) flowers, the bracts alternate, gradually reduced upward; corollas whitish, inconspicuous, 2-3 mm across, irregularly 4-lobed; calyces short glandular-hairy or smooth, 3-6 mm long, deeply 4-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, unequal; styles very short, 0.1-0.4 mm long; stamens 2.
Capsules, 3-4 mm long, flattened, heart-shaped, about as wide as long, broadly notched at the tip, glandular-hairy or smooth; seeds numerous, 0.4-1 mm long.
Two varieties occur in BC:

1. Plants smooth; rare on Vancouver Island and the lower Fraser Valley..................... var. peregrina

1. Plants short stalked-glandular in the inflorescences and on the capsules; the frequent variety....................... var. xalapensis (H.B.K.) St. John & Warren

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to wet roadsides, ditches, streambanks, vernal pools, meadows and clearings; frequent throughout S BC, rare northward (var. xalapensis), and rare (var. peregrina) on Vancouver Island and the lower Fraser Valley, where probably introduced from eastern N America; var. xalapensis - E to PQ and NS and S to NH, PA, FL, AL, AR, TX , NM, AZ, CA and MX.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References