Veronica peregrina L.
purslane speedwell (neckweed)
Plantaginaceae (Mare's-tail family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Allan Carson     (Photo ID #25988)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Veronica peregrina
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Annual herb from a short taproot and fibrous roots; stems erect or ascending, 5-30 cm tall, simple or branched at the base, glandular-hairy or smooth.
Opposite, unstalked or the lowermost tapering to a stalk-like base, narrowly oblong to lanceolate, 0.5-3 cm long, irregularly toothed or entire, usually smooth.
Inflorescence a terminal, bracted, elongate, lax raceme of several to many, very short-stalked (0.5-1.5 mm) flowers, the bracts alternate, gradually reduced upward; corollas whitish, inconspicuous, 2-3 mm across, irregularly 4-lobed; calyces short glandular-hairy or smooth, 3-6 mm long, deeply 4-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, unequal; styles very short, 0.1-0.4 mm long; stamens 2.
Capsules, 3-4 mm long, flattened, heart-shaped, about as wide as long, broadly notched at the tip, glandular-hairy or smooth; seeds numerous, 0.4-1 mm long.
Two varieties occur in BC:

1. Plants smooth; rare on Vancouver Island and the lower Fraser Valley..................... var. peregrina

1. Plants short stalked-glandular in the inflorescences and on the capsules; the frequent variety....................... var. xalapensis (H.B.K.) St. John & Warren

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Veronica peregrina

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
829 614 1036
Slope Gradient (%)
10 0 30

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

165 142 190
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 1 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

IDF(2), PP(3)

Habitat and Range

Moist to wet roadsides, ditches, streambanks, vernal pools, meadows and clearings; frequent throughout S BC, rare northward (var. xalapensis), and rare (var. peregrina) on Vancouver Island and the lower Fraser Valley, where probably introduced from eastern N America; var. xalapensis - E to PQ and NS and S to NH, PA, FL, AL, AR, TX , NM, AZ, CA and MX.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Veronica peregrina var. xalapensis (Kunth) Pennell
Veronica sherwoodii M. Peck
Veronica xalapensis Kunth