E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Veronica verna L.
spring speedwell
Plantaginaceae (Mare's-tail family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #14620)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Veronica verna
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Species Information

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Annual herb from a taproot; stems erect, 3-15 cm tall, simple to branched at the base, hairy, also glandular above especially in the inflorescence.
Opposite, short-stalked below, unstalked above, egg-shaped to broadly elliptic, about 1 cm long, some pinnately 3- to 7-lobed, hairy.
Inflorescence a terminal, bracted, glandular-hairy, relatively dense raceme of several to many short-stalked flowers, the bracts alternate, the lowermost leaflike, reduced and entire and narrower than the leaves upward; corollas blue to blue-violet, inconspicuous, 2-3 mm across, irregularly 4-lobed, the lobes much longer than the short tube, the upper lobe largest, the lowest lobe narrower than the others; calyces glandular-hairy, 3-5 mm long, deeply 4-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, unequal; styles short, 0.5-0.6 mm long; stamens 2.
Capsules, about 3 mm long, flattened, heart-shaped, slightly wider than long, distinctly notched at the tip, glandular-hairy; seeds 8 to 12 per chamber, flat, smooth, about 1 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry meadows, grasslands and waste places in the steppe zone; frequent in SC and SE BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Veronica verna

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 625 907 1280
Slope Gradient (%) 1 40 68
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
160 223 278
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 2 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: ICH(7)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References