E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Veronica peregrina L.
purslane speedwell (neckweed)
Plantaginaceae (Mare's-tail family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Allan Carson  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #25988)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Veronica peregrina
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Species Information

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Annual herb from a short taproot and fibrous roots; stems erect or ascending, 5-30 cm tall, simple or branched at the base, glandular-hairy or smooth.
Opposite, unstalked or the lowermost tapering to a stalk-like base, narrowly oblong to lanceolate, 0.5-3 cm long, irregularly toothed or entire, usually smooth.
Inflorescence a terminal, bracted, elongate, lax raceme of several to many, very short-stalked (0.5-1.5 mm) flowers, the bracts alternate, gradually reduced upward; corollas whitish, inconspicuous, 2-3 mm across, irregularly 4-lobed; calyces short glandular-hairy or smooth, 3-6 mm long, deeply 4-lobed, the lobes lanceolate, unequal; styles very short, 0.1-0.4 mm long; stamens 2.
Capsules, 3-4 mm long, flattened, heart-shaped, about as wide as long, broadly notched at the tip, glandular-hairy or smooth; seeds numerous, 0.4-1 mm long.
Two varieties occur in BC:

1. Plants smooth; rare on Vancouver Island and the lower Fraser Valley..................... var. peregrina

1. Plants short stalked-glandular in the inflorescences and on the capsules; the frequent variety....................... var. xalapensis (H.B.K.) St. John & Warren

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to wet roadsides, ditches, streambanks, vernal pools, meadows and clearings; frequent throughout S BC, rare northward (var. xalapensis), and rare (var. peregrina) on Vancouver Island and the lower Fraser Valley, where probably introduced from eastern N America; var. xalapensis - E to PQ and NS and S to NH, PA, FL, AL, AR, TX , NM, AZ, CA and MX.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Veronica peregrina

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 614 829 1036
Slope Gradient (%) 0 10 30
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
142 165 190
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 3 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: IDF(2), PP(3)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Veronica peregrina var. xalapensis (Kunth) Pennell
Veronica sherwoodii M. Peck
Veronica xalapensis Kunth

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References