Viburnum opulus L.
American bush-cranberry (European cranberrybush; wild guelder-rose)
Adoxaceae (Honeysuckle family)
(Previously in Caprifoliaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Bryan Kelly-McArthur     (Photo ID #89453)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Viburnum opulus
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

Deciduous, erect, large shrub, 1-4 m tall; twigs glabrous; bark smooth, grey.
Opposite, stalked, broadly egg-shaped to nearly round in outline, 5-13 cm long, all deeply and sharply 3-lobed, coarsely blunt-toothed, nearly glabrous or hairy beneath on the veins; stalks with a shallow groove and small glands upward.
Inflorescence a flattish cluster of several to many flowers, 5-15 cm across, with sterile marginal flowers much larger than the fertile inner ones; petals white, fused at bases into tubes that spread (1.5-2.5 cm wide) to 5 large lobes in the marginal flowers, to 3-4 mm wide in the small inner flowers; stamens conspicuous, exserted of corolla, the filaments 3-5 mm long.
Berrylike drupes, clustered, scarlet, 0.8-1.5 cm long, each with a single, large, flattened stone.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Late Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Red
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA


Ecological Framework for Viburnum opulus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres)
904 385 1526
Slope Gradient (%)
1 0 6

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

3 14 353
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
6 5 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

ESSF(1), ICH(3), IDF(1), MS(1), SBS(1)

Habitat and Range

Moist streambanks and lakesides in the steppe and montane zones; infrequent in WC, SC and SE BC; E to NF and S to PA, WY, ID, and WA.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Viburnum opulus subsp. trilobum (Marsh.) R.T. Clausen
Viburnum trilobum Marsh.