Perennial herb from a scaly, fleshy rhizome, without stolons; ascending to erect, smooth, 5-30 cm tall.
Basal leaves heart-shaped to kidney-shaped, toothed, smooth, the blades 5-9 cm long, 4-8 cm wide, the stalks 2.5-25 cm long, smooth; stem leaves similar, the stalks from shorter than to slightly longer than the blades; stipules egg-shaped, 0.5-1 cm long, entire.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, deep yellow, the lower petal 8-14 mm long including the 1- to 2-mm long spur, the lower 3 purplish-pencilled within, the lateral pair bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads densely bearded.
Capsules, smooth, 7-17 mm long; seeds brown to black.
Hybridizes with V. biflora ssp. carlottae on the Queen Charlotte Islands.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|AT(9), BAFA(1), BWBS(12), CDF(1), CMA(1), CWH(625), ESSF(747), ICH(518), IDF(77), IMA(1), MH(70), MS(102), PP(2), SBPS(2), SBS(198), SWB(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013