Perennial herb from a scaly, thick rhizome, without stolons; stems erect, sparsely hairy, 2-10 cm tall.
Basal leaves heart- to kidney-shaped, toothed, smooth to short-hairy, the blades 2-4 cm long, 1.5-4 cm wide, the stalks 10-15 cm long, smooth; stem leaves similar, the stalks from shorter than to slightly longer than the blades; stipules narrowly oblong, 3-10 mm long, sharp-toothed.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, bluish-violet (white at the base) to white, the lower petal 15-20 mm long including the 2- to 4-mm long, pouched spur, the lower 3 strongly purplish-veined, the lateral pair white-bearded; sepals 5, fringed, oblong, with earlike lobes at the base; style heads sparsely bearded.
Capsules, smooth; seeds light brown.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia