Viola howellii A. Gray
Howell's violet
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants


© Ryan Batten     (Photo ID #67065)


E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Viola howellii
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Species Information

Perennial herb from a scaly, thick rhizome, without stolons; stems erect, sparsely hairy, 2-10 cm tall.
Basal leaves heart- to kidney-shaped, toothed, smooth to short-hairy, the blades 2-4 cm long, 1.5-4 cm wide, the stalks 10-15 cm long, smooth; stem leaves similar, the stalks from shorter than to slightly longer than the blades; stipules narrowly oblong, 3-10 mm long, sharp-toothed.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, bluish-violet (white at the base) to white, the lower petal 15-20 mm long including the 2- to 4-mm long, pouched spur, the lower 3 strongly purplish-veined, the lateral pair white-bearded; sepals 5, fringed, oblong, with earlike lobes at the base; style heads sparsely bearded.
Capsules, smooth; seeds light brown.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

Habitat and Range

Mesic to moist woodlands and forests in the lowland zone; rare on S Vancouver Island and the lower Fraser Valley; S to OR.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia