Perennial herb from a rhizome, without stolons; stems erect, smooth or sometimes sparsely hairy, 2-15 cm tall.
Basal leaves heart-shaped to circular, toothed, smooth to short-hairy on the upper surface, the blades 1.5-5 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, the stalks 6-15 cm long, smooth; stem leaves lacking or few, similar, the stalks much longer than the blades; stipules lanceolate to egg-shaped, entire or remotely glandular-toothed, 3-10 mm long.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, violet, the lower petal 15-25 mm long including the 2- to 4-mm long pouched spur, the lower 3 whitish-based, the lateral pair white-bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads smooth or bearded.
Capsules, smooth; seeds brown.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
|BAFA(2), CWH(2), ESSF(37), ICH(1), SBS(1), SWB(1)|
Source: Klinkenberg 2013