E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Viola langsdorffii Fisch. ex Gingins
Alaska violet (Aleutian violet)
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #7544)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Viola langsdorffii
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Perennial herb from a rhizome, without stolons; stems erect, smooth or sometimes sparsely hairy, 2-15 cm tall.
Basal leaves heart-shaped to circular, toothed, smooth to short-hairy on the upper surface, the blades 1.5-5 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, the stalks 6-15 cm long, smooth; stem leaves lacking or few, similar, the stalks much longer than the blades; stipules lanceolate to egg-shaped, entire or remotely glandular-toothed, 3-10 mm long.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, violet, the lower petal 15-25 mm long including the 2- to 4-mm long pouched spur, the lower 3 whitish-based, the lateral pair white-bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads smooth or bearded.
Capsules, smooth; seeds brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Bogs, fens and mesic to moist, meadows, streambanks and scree slopes in the lowland to alpine zones; frequent in W BC, rare in EC BC; amphiberingian, N to AK and S to OR; NE Asia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Viola langsdorffii

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 65 1223 1650
Slope Gradient (%) 0 23 80
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
10 156 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 4 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(2), CWH(2), ESSF(37), ICH(1), SBS(1), SWB(1)

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References