E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Viola macloskeyi Lloyd
small white violet
Violaceae (Violet family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Ian Gardiner  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #15981)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Viola macloskeyi
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Perennial from a rhizome, with stolons, plants 3-6 cm tall; stems lacking.
Basal leaves heart-shaped, the blades 1-3 cm long, 0.7-2.5 cm wide, nearly entire to round-toothed, smooth, the stalks 2-4 cm long; stem leaves lacking; stipules lanceolate, membranous, glandular-toothed.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, white, the lower petal 5-12 mm long including the 1- to 3-mm long spur, the lower 3 usually purple-pencilled, the lateral pair sometimes not bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads smooth.
Capsules, smooth, 5-9 mm long; seeds brown to nearly black.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Early Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Black
Present from Spring to Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Moist to wet streambanks, seepage sites, bogs and woodlands in the lowland and montane zone; frequent throughout BC, absent in NE BC and the Queen Charlotte Islands; N to NT, E to Labr. and NF and S to ME, NH, PA, GA, AL, MS, CO, UT, NV and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Viola macloskeyi

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 630 1210 1700
Slope Gradient (%) 0 1 5
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
160 216 242
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 6 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: ESSF(4), ICH(4), MS(2), SBS(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Viola macloskeyi subsp. pallens (Banks ex Ging) M.S. Baker
Viola palustris subsp. brevipes

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References