Perennial herb from a rhizome, not stoloniferous; stems erect, smooth, 5-15 cm tall.
Basal leaves lanceolate, egg-shaped or wedge-shaped, often purplish, especially on the veins, coarsely few-toothed or -lobed, the blades 1-5 cm long, 0.5-3 cm wide, the stalks 2-12 cm long; stem leaves similar, reduced, round-toothed to deeply toothed; stipules lanceolate, entire to few-toothed.
Inflorescence of single, axillary flowers; petals 5, yellow, the lower petal 5-12 mm long including the 1- to 1.5-mm long spur; the lower 3 usually purplish-brown pencilled, the lateral pair bearded; sepals 5, lanceolate; style heads bearded.
Capsules, short-hairy, 5-12 mm long; seeds brown.
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013
Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Viola purpurea subsp. atriplicifolia (Greene) M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen ex M. Peck
Viola purpurea subsp. xerophyta M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen
Viola purpurea var. atriplicifolia (Greene) M. Peck
Viola purpurea var. charlestonensis (M.S. Baker & J.C. Clausen) S.L. Welsh & Reveal
Viola purpurea var. pinetorum (Greene) Greene
Viola purpurea var. venosa (S. Watson) Brainerd
Viola venosa (S. Watson) Rydb.